Cholesterol is the soft waxy substance originated among the fats (lipids) in the blood and in every cell of your blood.
High cholesterol level in your blood will lead to several heart diseases, especially heart attacks.
Cholesterol medicines are used to maintain safe cholesterol levels in your body.
It is necessary to use proper medications to control the cholesterol percentage in your body, if you have high cholesterol levels.
Other than medications, you should also follow proper healthy diet which does not contain saturated fats and more carbohydrates in it.
Lipid-altering medications are used for controlling high cholesterol level in your body. There are various types of medications in lipid-altering medications.
Lipid-altering Cholesterol medicines:
- Fibric acid
- Niacin or nicotinic acid
- Bile-acid sequestrants
- Combining nicotinic acid with statin
- Cholesterol absorption inhibitors
- Combining statin with an absorption inhibitor
Effects on blood lipids and Medication examples for these cholesterol medicines:
- Statin is most effective in lowering LDL and mildly effective in increasing HDL.
- Statin will help in lowering triglycerides by affecting them mildly.
- The medication examples of this statins are Lipitor, crestor, lescol, zocor, pravachol and mevacor.
- Fibric acid is most effective in lowering triglycerides and effective in increasing HDL.
- These fibric acid Cholesterol medicines are minimally effective in lowering LDL.
- The medication examples for this fabric acid are tricor and lopid.
Niacin or nicotinic acid:
- Niacin is most effective in increasing HDL and effective in lowering triglycerides.
- These nicotinic acid Cholesterol medicines are minimally effective in lowering LDL.
- The medication examples for this niacin are niaspan, niacin and slo-niacin.
- These bile-acid sequestrants Cholesterol medicines have no effect on triglycerides and HDL.
- These are mildly to modestly effective in lowering LDL.
- The medication examples for these bile-acid sequestrants are welchol, colestid and questran.
Combining nicotinic acid with statin:
- These Cholesterol medicines are effective in lowering triglycerides and LDL by increasing HDL.
- The medication example for this combination of nicotinic acid with statin is advicor.
- This advicor is combination of lovastatin and niaspan.
Cholesterol absorption inhibitors:
- This Cholesterol medicine is mildly to modestly effective in lowering LDL.
- This medication will have no effect on triglycerides and HDL.
- The medication example for these cholesterol absorption inhibitors is zetia.
Combining statin with an absorption inhibitor:
- This Cholesterol medicine is synergetic in lowering LDL.
- It is also effective in lowering LDL with low doses of each ingredient.
- The medication example for this is vytorin.
- This vytorin is the combination of zocor and zetia.
These are the various lipid-altering Cholesterol medicines. Your doctor will suggest the best medication to you depending on your cholesterol level and type of cholesterol present in your body. You should maintain healthy diet [Cholesterol Diet] to obtain safe cholesterol level.